Common Types Of Wine

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The most basic types of wine are the red, white, and rose. Wine gets its color from the tannins in the grapes. Tannin is the polyphenol in grapes that besides the color that it gives to the wine: it is also responsible for the bitter taste of the wine. White and pink wines are produced from grapes without skin, whereas the red wine is produced from fermented grapes with skin.

The red wine is produced from red grapes, but a white wine can also be produced from red grapes by taking the skin off the grape. The pink wine gets his color by fermenting with red grapes, but the pink wine doesn’t ferment with the red grapes as long as the red wine does.

The most famous red wines in the world:

1. The world’s most famous red wine is the Cabernet Sauvignon. Its popularity began in the twentieth century when it was imported from Bordeaux, France. The Cabernet Sauvignon is produced from red grapes with thick skin. It is combined with the Merlot and the Cabernet Franc.

The Cabernet Sauvignon is usually produced in warmer climates, but it is also produced in cooler climates where the Cabernet Sauvignon is combined with black-currant woody shrub. The Cabernet Sauvignon is rich in tannins, and it has high levels of acidity.

The Cabernet Sauvignon tastes like strawberry, cranberry, cherries, and it is enriched with a delicacy of black or bell pepper.

The best Cabernet Sauvignon wines include:
1. The Shafer 2004 Hillside
2. The Cardinale 2006
3. The Quilceda Creek 2006
4. The Stonestreet 2007 Rockfall
5. Von Strasser 2009 Estate Vineyard

2. The Merlot is the second most famous red wine in the world, that is, mostly produced in Bordeaux, France. The traditional Merlot, that is, produced in France has medium levels of alcohol. The red grapes in the French Merlot are combined with raspberries or strawberries.

The international way of manufacturing Merlot consists of combining the red grapes with blackberries or plums. The French version of the Merlot is very acidic, and it has milder levels of alcohol, whereas the international version of the Merlot has higher levels of alcohol, and it is richer in tannins. The Merlot has a soft taste, and it is not one of the strongest vines.

The best Merlot wines:
1. 97 Château Pétrus 2004 Pomerol
2. 91 Feudi di San Gregorio 2003 Pàtrimo (Irpinia)
3.94 Château Trotanoy 2004 Pomerol
4. 2011 K Vintners Merlot Northridge Vineyard Wahlike Slope
5. 2006 Peby-Faugeres Saint-Emilion

3. Pinot Noir has been named after the grapes from which has been produced Pinot Noir. This wine is typically produced in areas with cooler climates, and it is most associated with the Burgundy region in France. The Pinot Noir is a vine with low levels of tannin.

Its taste transforms over time, so the Pinot Noir in its early stages after its production has a taste of cherries, raspberries, or strawberries. Over time it develops a taste similar to the taste of plants, such as tea or other herbs.

The best Pinot Noir wines:
1. 96 Louis Jadot 2012 Echézeaux
2. 94 Sineann 2013 Yates Conwill Vineyard Pinot Noir
3. 92 Adelsheim 2012 Pinot Noir
4. 93 Ata Rangi 2012 Pinot Noir
5. 92 Adelsheim 2012 Pinot Noir

4. The Syrah is produced in milder climates; it is usually a combination of the Grenache and Mourvedre wines. There are Syrah wines with both high and medium levels of tannins. Its taste is a combination of menthol, blackberries, and black pepper.

Although the Syrah is ordinarily produced in milder climates, some areas in the world with hot climates produce the Syrah wine, such as Australia, where it has low levels of tannin and a taste of Asian herbs: liqourice, anise, etc.

The best Syrah wines:
1. 2002 Shirvington Shiraz McLaren Vale
2. 2003 Domaine Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage
3. 1999 Greenock Creek Cellars Shiraz Roennfeldt Road Barossa Valley
4. 2005 Mitolo Shiraz Savitar McLaren Vale
5. 2005 Hazyblur Wines Shiraz McLaren Vale

The most common types of white wine:

1. The Chardonnay wine is produced of green grapes that originated from Burgundy, France. The Chardonnay wine has several flavors depending on the area where the wine has been produced. In the colder climates, the Chardonnay tastes like tropical fruit, and it contains light to medium levels of alcohol.

In the warmer areas of the planet, including Australia and New Zealand, the Chardonnay tastes more like an orange or a grapefruit in a combination with flavors of peach and melon. The type of oak in which the Chardonnay has been fermented affects the flavor of the Chardonnay, so the Chardonnay that has fermented in oak barrels has greasy and creamy taste like butter.

In California, the Chardonnay tastes like tropical fruits, such as banana or mango. The Chardonnay has medium levels of acidity and low levels of sweetness.

The best Chardonnay wines:

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1. 2010 Marcassin Chardonnay Marcassin Vineyard Sonoma Coast
2. 2012 Aubert Wines Chardonnay Lauren Sonoma Coast
3. 2012 Aubert Wines Chardonnay Eastside Vineyard Sonoma Coast Sonoma
4. 2011 Varner Chardonnay Spring Ridge Vineyard Amphitheater Block Santa Cruz Mountains
5. 2012 Pahlmeyer Winery Jayson Chardonnay Napa County

2. The Riesling wine is made of white grapes that were first discovered in the Rhine river area in Germany. The Riesling is a wine of high acidity with medium levels of sweetness that tastes like lemon or apples; its taste depends on the area where it has been produced.

The Riesling has low levels of alcohol, and it is a type of wine that gets tastier as it ages. The Austrian Riesling wines taste like tropical fruit, such as peach, orange, lemon, etc. In Australia, the Riesling tastes like orange, lemon, and it has higher levels of acidity.

The best Riesling wines:
1. 2010 Egon Muller Scharzhofberger Riesling Auslese #6
2. 2009 Weingut Prager Riesling Smaragd Klaus
3. 2008 Domaine Zind Humbrecht Riesling Brand Selection de Grains Nobles
4. 2005 Selbach Oster Zeltinger Sonnenuhr Rotlay Riesling Auslese
5. 2011 Georg Breuer Rauenthaler Nonnenberg Riesling

3. The Sauvignon Blanc is another famous wine from the Brodeaux, France. It is produced of green grapes that are skinned before they are fermented. The Sauvignon Blanc has various flavors that differentiate according to the climate where the Sauvignon Blanc has fermented.

In the tropical areas, the Sauvignon Blanc tastes like tropical fruit. In the colder climates, the Sauvignon Blanc has high levels of acidity; flavors like some herbs that grow in these areas, and flavors of tropical fruit.

The best Sauvignon Blanc wines:
1. 2007 Chateau Laville Haut Brion Graves Blanc
2. 2012 Chateau Pape Clement Pessac-Leognan Blanc
3. 2012 Peter Michael Winery Sauvignon Blanc L’Apres-Midi Sonoma County
4. 2009 Cade Winery Sauvignon Blanc Oakville Napa Valley
5. 2012 Francois Cotat Sancerre Les Culs de Beaujeu

4. The Pinot Gris is a wine made of the white wine grape. The Pinot Gris descends from Europe: Northern Italy and France. This is a wine with very low levels of alcohol. It has medium levels of acidity and low levels of sweetness. The Italian Pinot Gris wines have higher levels of acidity. The Pinot Gris tastes like tropical fruits, and it has some flavors of the Noble Rot of Riesling Grapes.

The best Pinot Gris wines:
1. 2008 Domaine Zind Humbrecht Pinot Gris Clos Jebsal Vendanges Tardives
2. 2010 Domaine Zind Humbrecht Pinot Gris Rangen Clos St. Urbain
3. 2008 Domaine Zind Humbrecht Pinot Gris Rotenberg Selection de Grains Nobles
4. 2011 Domaine Bott-Geyl Pinot Gris Furstentum
5. 2011 Wind Gap Pinot Gris Windsor Oaks Vineyard Chalk Hill

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